Stanford University, which was founded in 1885, is a private not-for-profit, four-year institution of higher education, located in the city of Stanford, California. Leland Stanford, the well-noted entrepreneur and government leader of Palo Alto, California, and his wife, Jane, lost their only son to typhoid fever. Desiring to leave a legacy for all children in their beloved state of California, they established Stanford University. Breaking from tradition, Stanford began as a co-educational and non-denominational institution. Today, the university continues to be at the forefront in research universities and maintains close connections to Silicon Valley.
Academic programs resulting in degrees and certificates from the bachelor's to the doctoral level are housed in the following schools:
- Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences
- Humanities and Sciences
Distance education programs at Stanford University are supported through the Stanford Center for Professional Development. Programs include graduate certificates, professional certificates, and master’s programs that can earned completely online.