List of Accredited Online Degrees
Higher education establishments offer many types of Information Technology and Computer Science degree options. The computer science and IT industry is a competitive market of individuals with the critical thinking skills and most adaptable understanding of computer programming. Computer Programming degrees teach the intricate processes of designing, writing, testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code of computer programs, written in programming languages such as C++, C#, Java, Python and Smalltalk. The purpose of programming source code is to create a set of instructions that computers use to perform specific operations or to behave in a specific demeanor. Graduates of most computer science degree programs will be able to contribute the expertise of many IT concepts such as knowledge of the application domain, specialized algorithms and formal logic.
The writing of programs is an art form, a craft and an engineering discipline, blended to provide efficient and adaptable software solutions for busy organizations or information system providers. The computer programming discipline does not require individuals to complete or pass standardized or industry regulated certifications to earn any specific job title of ""programmers"" or ""software engineer"". Students and graduates should be well aware that, representing oneself as a ""Professional Software Engineer"" without a license or degree from an accredited institution is illegal in many parts of the world; use of the title comes with individual discretion and can be subject of debate.
Writing source code for a particular project, or company or industry generally follows a set of quality requirements. The minimum requirements ensure the proper translation between multiple industries and programmers. The final program code must satisfy some fundamental properties. The following properties are among the most relevant:
- Reliability: how often the results of a program are correct.
- Robustness: how well a program anticipates problems not due to programmer error.
- Usability: the ease with which a person can use the program for its intended purpose, or in some cases even unanticipated purposes.
- Portability: the range of computer hardware and operating system platforms on which the source code of a program can be compiled and or interpreted and run.
- Maintainability: the ease with which a program can be modified by its present or future developers in order to make improvements or customizations, fix bugs and security holes, or adapt it to new environments.
- Efficiency/performance: the minimum amount of system resources a program consumes such as processor time, memory space, network bandwidth and even user interaction.
Graduates of a computer programming degree curriculum will enter the ever-changing industry with a solid foundation in the needed fundamentals in computer science.