All states require special education teachers who teach in the public schools to be licensed. Licensing typically requires at least a bachelor’s degree and completion of an approved teacher training program in special education. In addition, teachers must pass a background check and pass a national teaching exam post-degree. Many states these days require a master’s degree for work as a special educator.
Licensure requirements vary by state. For traditional licensing, all states require a bachelor’s degree and the completion of an approved teacher preparation program.
In addition to earning a broad level endorsement such as K-12 mild-moderate, special education teachers can earn online endorsements for working with specific types of special ed populations. Online endorsements are available in specialities such assistive technology, supervision and administration, autism, bilingual teaching and working with the talented and gifted.
Master's in Special Education Online
Many states now require a master’s in special education to teach in the public schools. Special education is one of the most popular and easiest endorsements to earn entirely online. Get Educated profiles 35+ master’s in special education online
, all accredited by the NACTE and designed to meet licensing standards. (View the most affordable degrees
A special education master's will require at least one year of course work—including a specialization—beyond a bachelor’s degree. A prospective teacher may have to pass a professional assessment test as well. Be sure and check with your state teacher licensing board before committing to a degree or certificate for professional use in the public school system. Online degree programs have staff teaching certification advisers and mentors who can help you understand if their programs meet your state credentialing requirements.
In some cases it may be possible to earn an online graduate certificate in special education en route to a master's degree. A certificate may also allow special education teachers to focus their online studies in a single specialty area, such as working with the talented and gifted or the use of adaptive technology in the classroom.
What is a Special Education Teacher?
Special education teachers work with children and youth who have been classified as disabled. Disabilities usually fall into one of three classes—cognitive, emotional or physical—and can range from mobility issues to mild challenges in cognitive processing. The majority of special education teachers work with school-aged children who suffer from mild to moderate disabilities. They learn to modify a general education curriculum to meet the child’s individual needs
Special education teachers use various techniques to promote learning. Depending on the disability, teaching methods can include individualized instruction, problem-solving assignments and small-group work. Special education teachers help develop an individualized education program (IEP) for each student. The IEP sets personalized goals for the student and is tailored to that student’s needs and ability.
Special education teachers work in a variety of settings. Some have their own classrooms and teach only special education students; others work as special education resource teachers and offer individualized help to students in general education classrooms; and some teach with general education teachers in classes that include both general and special education students.
Special Education Salary & Wages
Special education represents one of the highest paying teaching career specialities, especially at the high school and middle school levels; in rural states, such as Alaska; and urban areas such as New York City. In 2010, special education teachers in grades K-8 earned an average salary of about $52,000. High school special education teachers earned slightly more, with an average salary of about $53,000. The highest 10 percent of special education teachers earned between $79,000 and $83,000.
The need for special education teachers is expected to grow 17 percent through 2018, which is faster than average.
Positions in inner cities and rural areas usually are more plentiful than in suburban or wealthy urban areas. Student populations also are expected to increase more rapidly in parts of the country, such as the South and West.
Bilingual teachers or those trained in English as a Second Language (ESL) will be in especially high demand. Autism spectrum disorder and teaching with assistive technologies are two other rapidly expanding career fields.